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Swietokrzyskie Innovation System - The Jan Kochanowski University in Kielce is running a R&D project, co-financed from Norway grants, Core Call 2012 in the HEALTH main action programme, with acronym: FuelHealth
Titled: Green fuels and human health - toxicity of engine emissions from 1st and 2nd generation biodiesel fuels.

 

Duration: 01.11.2013 – 11.2016 (36 months)

 

 

 

The CONSORTIUM:

  1. JAN KOCHANOWSKI UNIVERSITY in Kielce,Poland (UJK) – PROJECT PROMOTER
    Principal Investigator: prof. dr hab. Anna Lankoff
    Phone: 00 48 41 349 62 96, 349 62 95.
    Organisational and financial management: Anna Depczyńska
    Phone: 0048 41 349 73 34.
  2. The Norwegian Institute of Public Health  (NIPH) – Norwegian partner
  3. Warsaw University of Life Sciences (SGGW) – Polish partner
  4. Automotive Industry Institute (PIMOT) – Polish partner

 

 

BASIC INFORMATIONS:

The threat of global warming due to combustion of fossil fuels has increased the demand for fuel efficient engines favoring diesel cars and for introduction of more carbon-neutral, renewable fuels such as bio-fuels (BF). Currently BF are only used at low levels throughout Europe, but vision plans has been proposed to increase the shear of BF considerably in the near future. The potential health impact of new fuels and combustion technologies therefore need to be critically assessed before large-scale introduction. The project FuelHealth will assess the health effects of diesel engine emissions from the use of 1st and 2nd generation biodiesel. The project will also assess to what extent diesel particle filter (DPF)-technology may affect the toxicity of diesel engine emissions. The project involves three different approaches: physico-chemical characterisation of particulate and gaseous diesel emissions, in vivo inhalation studies in rats and in vitro cell culture studies. As 1st generation biodiesel, rapeseed methyl ester oil will be tested. As 2nd generation biodiesel Neste Oil NExBTL, a synthetic hydrocarbon fuel will be tested.

Diesel engine emissions from these fuels, produced in presence and absence of DPF treatment will be physico-chemically characterized with respect to constitution of gaseous phase, particle numbers, particle size and chemical composition of the particle fraction in adhered organic constituents. Rats will be exposed in vivo by inhalation to diesel engine emissions. Tissue samples will be collected for bio-medical analyses. Simultaneously molecular mechanisms of toxic effects of particulate biodiesel emissions will be studied in different cell models in vitro.

Project’s research topics:

  1. JAN KOCHANOWSKI UNIVERSITY in Kielce: In vitro cellular mechanisms and signalling of pro-inflammatory, cytotoxic and genotoxic effects induced by the combustion of biodiesel fuel with various blends and conventional diesel fuel.
  2. The Norwegian Institute of Public Health: In vitro toxicity study of diesel and biodiesel engine emissions.
  3. Warsaw University of Life Sciences: In vivo inhalation toxicity study of diesel and biodiesel engine emissions in rats
  4. Automotive Industry Institute: Production and physico-chemical characterisation of engine emissions from the combustion of various biodiesel blend fuels and diesel fuel with and without diesel particle filter.

 

Developed by: prof. Anna Lankoff ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it ), Anna Depczyńska ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )

 

FuelHealth.„Green fuels and human health - toxicity of engine emissions from 1st and 2nd generation biodiesel fuels” project co-financed by Polish-Norwegian Research Cooperation Programme/

Projekt współfinansowany przez program Polsko-Norweska Współpraca Badawcza



 

Date of publication: Wednesday, 25 March 2015
 

 
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Marshall Office of the Swietokrzyskie Region
Investment and Development Department
Innovation and Knowledge Transfer Unit
Human capital - National Cohesion Strategy European Union - European Social Fund
Project is co-financed by the European Union under the European Social Fund